At this point in our project we have divided our thoughts into little avenues of study. I’ve been researching education within mid-life. Iv’e done a little research like this before (thank you AH English!) but this form of researching is mostly new to me. I do like dabbling into bits and pieces of information but I really need to stop reading! okay, not totally but I keep reading lots of interesting irrelevant things and forgetting about the relevant things!
To start my research off I sketched out a quick wee mind-map (based on our previous mid-life discussions) so I could guess at the paths of thought I might like to spiral down:
“To exist is to change; to change is to mature, to mature is to go on creating oneself endlessly.” – Henri Bergson
Here is some of the information I have collected relating to mid-life education:
Adult Learning, The Guardian [online], Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/adult-learning
Contains various articles regarding adult learning. —> There are lots of information on education within mid-life, useful for a look at current information on adult education within Britain. There are multiple articles of use for this topic, so I’ve not been specific in the reference, but here is a small list of the articles I have looked at: Adult education can offer valuable lessons on creating a fair society, A hundred years of teaching adults, Milestones in adult education, Adult education is a vital tool for social mobility and justice, Lessons for modern life
Davey, J A (2002), “Active ageing and education in mid and later life”, Ageing and Society, Vol.22, No.1, p.95
This article starts by examining the population as an increasingly ageing one, and due to various factors affecting unemployment all across the ages; it questions why those of the median age are simply not required as frequently within the job markets. Through a study of approximately 1000 students, aged 40+ from The Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand patterns form around education, motives and outcomes of this age range. This study illustrates how those at the mid-life stage are “up-skilling” and it identifies the positives and negatives of the role of education within the ageing population. —> Useful in identifying the needs for education within the mid-life category, as well as looking at both the benefits and detriments of this education.
Lowther, M. (1977), Mid-Life Transitions and Education.
These papers focus on the lifespan as a “series of transitions from one status or situation to another” and goes on to look at how those within mid-life cope with these changes, as well as their stress responses. The text then goes on to apply the information accumulated about these transitions into and educational system. —> Establishes how those within mid-life cope with stress and how education contributes to this.
Lundberg, C. (2003), “The Influence of Time-Limitations, Faculty, and Peer Relationships on Adult Student Learning: A Causal Model”, The Journal of Higher Education [online], Vol. 74, No. 6 p. 665-688, Ohio State University Press, Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3648234
A study into the effects of social integration, age and time-limiting factors on middle aged students learning. —> Key information for focusing on the obstacles, as well as benefits for taking up some form of student based role at mid-life.
Rosato, D (2005), ‘Today’s Lesson: Starting Over in Mid-Career’, Money, Vol.34, No.10, p. 35-38, Business Source Premier, EBSCOhost.
By focusing on the specific story of one woman’s (Susana Temprano) mid-life career change, this text examines financial issues and key skill changes needed to shift careers. As well as establishing some advice for those looking to start a new job path. —> Although this looks at one specific woman, the overall text gives useful information on how adults are expected to deal with career changes.
Veroff, J., Reuman, D. and Feld, S. (1984) “Motives in American men and women across the adult life span.”, Developmental Psychology [electronic], Vol 20, No.6, p.1142-1158, Available 10.1037/0012-1618.104.22.1682
The “four social motives (achievement, affiliation, fear of weakness, hope of power)” was investigated through 2 surveys (one in 1957 and the other in 1976) of men and women in America. After explaining these surveys, and detailing the results the conclusions drawn are somewhat confusing. In essence motives depend not only upon age but on social aspects as well as education. There is no clear-cut lines of motive for each age group as they rely upon the education and socialization of the individual, ie. the better educated the person is the stronger the motive to achieve is (this point is particularly true of those who have reached mid-life and it is also more prevalent in men). —> Good source for identifying the stimulus the drives adults back into education, as well as identifying key motives that are present in those within the mid-life category.
“A Top 5 list of websites you think will be useful in keeping up to date with the latest developments in your specific discipline (ie. jewellery and metalwork)”
1. Craft Scotland – keeping up with local crafting news.
2. Crafts Forum – ask any question on crafting and have it answered almost instantly. Good tool for problem solving and connecting with other crafters who may know things you don’t and are willing to help out.
3. deviantART – not specific to jewellery, but I can see examples of people doing similar work, follow them, connect with them and put questions out there. It’s also a nice collection of artwork done by people from all over the world, from different disciplines, backgrounds (most not professional) and it’s a great place for feedback on my own work.
4. VanillaINK – the “Vanilla Ink Community” is a nice collection of contemporary jewellers/designers which is useful when it comes to researching contemporary artists, as well us keeping up with what’s happening within the discipline.
5. Association for Contemporary Jewellery – great for updates on what’s currently happening in the world of jewellery.
“A Top 5 list of websites you think will be useful in keeping up with developments in the news and fields outside of your discipline” Huh?! That is so ambiguous and massive!!! A top 5?! I try and keep up to date with so many different things within various websites. If we’re talking basics then Twitter, Google, Facebook, AOL, WordPress, etc. they are my main avenues into the wider world. But through them I find everything else (blogs, BBC news, opinions of real (and respected) people, music, videos, literature, so much information!) and then they get added by RSS feeds and into my favorites bars for future browsing pleasure. Johnathon a top 5 is asking for so little! I will answer with my most frequently clicked on websites that linger at the top of my favorites bar(as much as I want to put Google and Twitter, it is not an option):
1. Design Boom and Art Ruby– both are online publications, but I kind of see them as art based search engines. Type in some keywords and you’re directed to interesting articles on contemporary art news, which is incredibly useful for keeping up with the art world as well as artist referencing and so on.
2. The Guardian online – news updates.
3. All Things Digital – part of The Wall Street Journal online, it focuses on digital development, not only the technical side they look at the bigger picture. An awesome resource as we move into an ever more technical world and it’s therefore a great informant of,well, all things digital!
4. Oxford Art Online Oxford Music Online Oxford Reference Online …..and the list continues. Basically any of the Oxford reference websites are amazing. They basically have all the information ever. Ever. It just takes time to find what you want and not get too distracted by all the other amazing information out there!
5. Student Designers – updates on whats going on in the design world as well as opportunities to check out other designers and get your own work out there.